Rapid reduction of emissions to zero is required to reduce the threat of severe climate change and costly adaptation measures. The profiles developed in Snapshot can inform the establishment of a science derived target, increasingly set by councils around Australia. Snapshot profiles provide communities and councils with an understanding of the scale of reduction and the level of ambition needed when setting targets to meet this challenge.
The timeframe for setting a target can vary, with leading communities and councils setting a 10 year time frame to achieve Zero-net emissions by 2030.
The following provides an overview of different targets commonly used by communities and councils to guide action planning:
Zero-net emissions is defined as reaching carbon neutrality. This means that local carbon emissions across all sectors in Snapshot are reduced, sequestered or offset.
On the path to zero emissions groups may also set an interim goal:
A Zero-net energy community is defined as one that matches its local energy needs with a 100% renewable energy supply. Practically, that means that energy can be imported from the grid or locally generated. This includes all stationary energy - electricity, gas, wood, and transportation fuels.
Reduction of the electricity emissions to zero through renewable energy supply. It should be noted however that the electricity baseline would be captured as a moment in time - each year would vary as usage patterns and technologies change.